Sadashivrao Bhau was the Diwan of Peshwa and the commander-in-chief of Maratha's army. He was also known as Bhau and Bhausaheb.
Wiki / Biography
Sadashivrao Bhau was born on Friday, August 4, 1730 (30 years old at the time of death) in Saswad, Pune. His zodiac sign was Leo. He finished his studies in Satara, Maharashtra.
Family, caste and wife
Bhau was born in a Maratha Family. His father was Chimaji Appa, who died when Bhau was 10 years old. Bhau's first mother, Rakhmabai died when he was one month old. Later, his father married Annapurnabai. Bhau was raised by her grandmother, Radhabai and her aunt, Kashibai. Peshwa Baji Rao was his paternal uncle and Nanasaheb Peshwa was his cousin.
Bhau is married twice. His first wife was Umabai and she had two sons. After his death, he married Parvatibai, who accompanied him in the third battle of Panipat, 1761.
First life of Sadashivrao Bhau
In 1746, a task was assigned to Babuji Naik and Fateh Singh Bhonsle in Karnataka, and failed. Thus, on December 5, 1746, Bhau left Pune with his political advisers, Mahadoba Purandare and Sakharam Bapu, and undertook his first campaign in Karnataka, which continued until May 1747. In January 1747, Bhau won his first battle at Ajra, south of Kolhapur, where 36 pargana were captured by the Marathas. It annexed the cities of Kittur, Parasgad, Gokak, Yadwad, Bagalkot, Badami, Navalgund, Umbal, Giri, Torgal, Haliyal, Harihar and Basavapatna.
After the resignation of Mahadjipant Purandare, Bhau became the Diwan of Peshwa. He won many battles in which he rebelled against Yamaji Shivdev, won the battle of Udgir (1760) and captured the fort of Daulatabad. One of the most remarkable battles of his direction is the "Third Battle of Panipat (1761)".
The third battle of Panipat (1761)
In January 1760, Nanasaheb Peshwa learned that Ahmad Shah Abdali (Afghan army chief) had invaded the Punjab region of India. All Muslims in northern India formed an alliance with Abdali in the name of religion. Nanasaheb chose Sadashivrao to lead Maratha's army in Delhi and to revolt against Abdali.
On March 14, 1760, his army of 45,000 to 60,000 men left Patdur and later joined non-combatants, including members of their families, who wanted to go on pilgrimage to Hindu holy places in the north of l & # 39; India. Subsequently, his army was joined by the Marathas of Holkar and Scindia.
Bhau has adopted the hit-and-run tactic which has also helped them win the previous battles. He formed a unit of 10,000 infantry and 50 pieces of artillery. Holkar and Scindia tried to influence Bhau to join him with the Rajputs, Sikhs, Shuja-ud-Daula and the Muslim rulers of northern India. But the Rajputs refused to support him in the battle; as Marathas was much ingested in the internal affairs and politics of Rajputana.
Holkar and Scindia asked the powerful leader of Rajasthan, Suraj Mal, to join them in the battle. Suraj Mal did not trust Bhau. Holkar and Scindia therefore paid tribute to Suraj Mal for his personal safety. Suraj Mal accepted their proposal and agreed to join Maratha's forces. Due to the non-cooperation of the Jat and Rajput kings, there was a shortage of food and other supplies. Bhau's compelling attitude made the situation more difficult as he failed to convince the kings of the region to support him in the war. He even decided to stop Raja Suraj Mal, who was ready to support him. Suraj Mal returned to Ballabhgarh Fort and denied support.
Bhau even rejected the offer of Sikhs regarding the alliance, so that he did not receive any supplies from the Punjab. The Maratha camp reached Delhi on August 1, 1760, but due to a shortage of food, it moved about 110 km north of Delhi to Karnal and captured the village of Kunjpura on the west bank of the Yamuna River. Bhau killed the entire Afghan battalion at Fort Kunjpura. Abdali had already crossed the Yamuna River on his east bank and could not save his battalion; the Yamuna River was flooded.
Abdali could not tolerate this failure and decided to cross the river at all costs. On October 17, 1760, he began to leave Shahdara with his army and his troops. A village man in the exchange of money showed them a way to cross the Yamuna River in Baghpat (a small town halfway between Delhi and Panipat on the east bank of Yamuna). Marathas failed to stop them and set up a defensive force at Panipat.
Abdali managed to block the passage of Maratha south towards Delhi. At the end of November 1760, Abdali cut off almost all the food from the Maratha camp. On January 13, 1761, the Maratha leader asked Bhau to allow them to die in battle rather than starve. The next day, the Marathas left their camp and headed for the Afghan camp. The armies of Marathas and Afghans clashed on January 14, 1761.
The Marathas almost won the battle until the afternoon, but when a bullet hit Vishwasrao (Bhau's nephew), the scenario completely changed. Upon seeing his nephew dead, Bhau went to the enemy forces. Afghans attacked him and he was killed on the battlefield by Abdali 's army.
The day after the battle
According to some sources, Bhau's headless body was found in the pile of corpses after three days of war. His head was found the next day and kept hidden by Afghan soldiers. His body was cremated according to Hindu rituals and his ashes were taken for visarjan in Kashi.
According to some sources, perhaps, Bhau would have survived the battle and would he have lived secretly in another place? Bhau's wife, Parvatibai, refused to accept the death of her husband, as her body was never found. She never lived the life of Bhau's widow.
Bhau died on the battlefield of the "Third Battle of Panipat" on January 14, 1761 (Makar-Sakranti Day) in Panipat, Haryana State.
Facts / Trivia
- Ramchandrababa Shenvi was the teacher of Bhau.
- In 1770, one person claimed to be Sadashivrao, but he turned out to be an imposter.
- There is a neighborhood in Pune, named in his honor "Sadashiv-Peth".
- A memorial park is created in honor of the "Third Battle of Panipat" at Kala Amb, Panipat, Haryana.
- In 2019, a Bollywood film about the "Third Battle of Panipat" entitled "Panipat – The Great Betrayal" in which Arjun Kapoor played the role of "Sadashivrao Bhau" was broadcast.
(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zpXnmy-6w1g (/ embed)